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Don’t forget the original intention of farming, and feel the changes in new farming——Talking about the development and changes of smart agriculture

by:Rika Sensors     2021-11-15
Don't forget the original intention of farming, and feel the changes in new farming——Talking about the development and changes of smart agriculture
For thousands of years, ancient China was based on agriculture and formed a system of its own. The farming culture has long been at the leading level in the world. Ancient China is one of the most developed and powerful countries in the world.

After the modern West started the steam era, industry led the world's development, and the transformation of economic structure became a key factor in the rise of great powers.

This year is a special year. Since the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the role of agricultural 'ballast stones' has become more prominent. With the rapid development of smart agriculture, more and more 'black technologies' have helped farmers overcome difficulties. In this context, drone spraying, big data management of farmland, online trading of agricultural materials and agricultural products, online technology classrooms... the 'smart agriculture' combining agriculture and technology shines brightly, depicting a different 'farming picture' .

The concept of smart agriculture has evolved from terms such as computer agriculture, precision agriculture (precision agriculture), digital agriculture, and smart agriculture. Its technical system mainly includes three aspects: agricultural Internet of Things, agricultural big data, and agricultural cloud platform. . 'Smart agriculture' is the use of modern high-tech Internet means to combine agriculture with technology. Fully modern operation mode changes traditional farming methods.

Precision agriculture: also known as precision agriculture, pursuing high-quality, high-yield and high-efficiency with minimal input. Generally, according to the specific conditions of each operation unit in the field, the soil and various crops are accurately managed, and agricultural inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, water, seeds, etc.) are optimized to the maximum to obtain the highest yield and economic benefits.

The use of information technology such as the Internet of Things to transform traditional agriculture, digital design, intelligent control, precise operation, and scientific management of agricultural production elements is an inevitable choice for accelerating the construction of smart agriculture and promoting agricultural modernization.

The 'China Digital Village Development Report (2019)' mentioned that according to the 'China Internet Development Report 2019' released by the Internet Society of China, my country's agricultural digital economy accounted for 7.3% of the industry's added value in 2018, compared with 2017. Increased by 0.72 percentage points, the level of agricultural digitization has increased year by year, and there is great potential for development. It is estimated that in 2020, the potential market size of my country's smart agriculture is expected to increase to 200 billion yuan.

In January 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the Office of the Central Network Security and Informatization Committee issued the 'Digital Agriculture and Rural Development Plan (2019-2025)'. The 'Plan' proposes that by 2025, the Internet penetration rate in my country's rural areas will increase to 70%, the agricultural digital economy will account for 15% of the agricultural added value, and the online retail sales of agricultural products will account for 15% of the total agricultural product transactions. Significant progress has been made in the construction of digital agriculture and rural areas, which strongly supports the implementation of the digital rural strategy. The agricultural and rural data collection system has been established and perfected, and the sky-ground integrated observation network, the agricultural and rural basic data resource system, and the agricultural and rural cloud platform have been basically completed.

The future of smart agriculture can be expected. Internet giants have strengthened the development of smart agriculture. Pinduoduo announced that it will continue to use agricultural products as its core strategy, and invest no less than 50 billion yuan in the next five years to support agricultural and rural 'new infrastructure'; Ali Through self-construction, investment, and cooperation, Baba completed the entire agricultural industry chain layout of 'from farmland to tableThe agricultural community platform, on the basis of increasing agricultural production and income, realizes the output of high-quality agricultural products, and creates a new sample of scientific and technological services for agriculture, rural areas and farmers.

From a global perspective, China’s smart agriculture still has a certain gap compared with developed countries. There is a shortage of talents, high equipment or software service costs, inaccurate sensors, difficulty in obtaining data, lack of core technology, and There are many problems such as limited practical environment and limited financial support. The large-scale popularization of smart agriculture must make up for shortcomings and speed up upgrading.

With the wings of high technology, agriculture is no longer synonymous with hard work. In the new era, farmers can grow farming at home instead of having to face the loess and back to the sky, three shifts and five shifts.

Smart agriculture not only liberates productivity, but also develops productivity, agricultural mechanization, land circulation, etc., science and technology and management methods are being promoted and popularized; it promotes high-quality and efficient agricultural production, reduces labor intensity to the greatest extent, and makes The more labor force, from the countryside to the city, paint a new picture of beautiful China.

Agriculture has been the foundation of a country since ancient times and the foundation of a strong country. In the vast land of modern China, mechanized farming is quite common. With innovative and progressive farming methods, farmers no longer need to face the loess and back to the sky.

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