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Nine features necessary for a museum's environmental monitoring system

by:Rika Sensors     2021-09-27
Nine features necessary for a museum's environmental monitoring system

The museum is the epitome of history and culture. Here, we can feel the historical and cultural changes of the Chinese nation over five thousand years.

The museum warehouse, as the center of the museum, is also the core part of the entire museum. The quality of the management of the museum's cultural relics warehouse determines the strength of the protection of cultural relics in the museum, and the management of the cultural relics of the museum is a key link.

Cultural relics are relics and relics of historical, artistic, and scientific value left over from human social activities, and are non-renewable national resources. Cultural relics can be divided into movable and immovable. The museum is the main collection unit of movable cultural relics. The collection is the foundation of the museum, and the cultural relic warehouse is an important place for the collection, management, research, and protection of the national cultural heritage. If the warehouse is not properly managed, it will cause serious damage to the collection, brittleness, missing, mildew, moth-eaten, rust, disconnection, wrinkles, etc., which will lead to a decline in the quality of the collection, a shortened life span, and a reduction in the value of cultural relics. Suffered serious losses. Therefore, museums should strengthen warehouse management and establish a museum's environmental monitoring system, which is necessary to extend the life of collections and create a favorable environment.

The museum environmental monitoring system uses information control and processing, artificial intelligence, automation, Internet of Things and multimedia technologies, and integrates environmental temperature and humidity sensors, air conditioning controllers, water immersion sensors, video surveillance, access control, and human infrared Detectors, smoke alarms, cloud platforms, etc. form a set of digital and intelligent museum environment comprehensive management system to meet the needs of museum environment monitoring and safety management and prevention. Here is a detailed introduction to the composition of the system.

1. Automatic temperature and humidity monitoring system

According to the survey and statistics of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage: 55.6% of the cultural relics in the collection have been damaged to varying degrees, mainly because the warehouse environment is not up to standard. The main fundamental factor for environmental failure is the unreasonable environmental temperature and humidity.

The temperature and humidity automatic monitoring system is mainly composed of temperature and humidity sensors, monitoring host, dehumidifier/humidifier and other peripheral equipment. It mainly adopts the combined mode of monitoring + monitoring. The monitoring host is responsible for the temperature and humidity data in the museum, and automatically adjusts the temperature and humidity in each exhibition hall according to the temperature and humidity requirements of the museum's cultural relics.

II. Indoor air quality monitoring

In order to reduce the undesirable factors that affect the preservation of cultural relics, and at the same time create a good viewing environment for the audience, the relevant departments of China have formulated various exhibition hall environment Factors’ standard values u200bu200band hygiene requirements (National Standard GB/T 18883-2002)

The indoor air monitoring system mainly relies on air quality sensors, which can detect temperature, humidity, air pressure, light, PM2.5 in the air , PM10, TVOC and other values, as well as oxygen (O2), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), formaldehyde (CH2O) and other gas concentrations, multi-element integration, very powerful functions, basically covering various indicators reflecting air quality . Real-time monitoring of the indoor air quality of the museum, when one of the monitoring factors exceeds the limit value, immediately alarm and notify the management staff.

3. Water leakage monitoring

When the window/air conditioner leaks, it will have a certain impact on the museum environment. Therefore, it is necessary to install a water flood sensor at the opposite position of the museum to monitor the water leakage in real time. , When there is a water leak, immediately call the police and notify the relevant personnel to take measures.

Four. Anti-theft alarm system

Install human infrared detectors at entrances and exits of museums, such as doors, windows, and corridors, to collect data on the on-site human infrared detector alarm signals. When an alarm occurs, the alarm will be driven to give an audible and visual alarm, and the administrator will be notified by telephone.

V. Automatic fire alarm system

The smoke alarm, temperature and humidity sensor, sound and light alarm in the museum environment monitoring system constitute the fire alarm system. When an alarm occurs, the smoke alarm will be triggered to sound and light alarm, and the alarm type will be reported by voice.

VI. Intelligent access control management

Electric control door locks are installed in the museum. When staff enter important places, first swipe their card and then enter the password. After verification by the access control host, they can Enter. The system automatically records the staff information at the same time, so as to avoid loss, and can be traced back.

Seven. Video surveillance system

The video surveillance system adopts mature digital hard disk video recording technology, and installs infrared cameras in the warehouse to realize 24-hour uninterrupted image monitoring of the warehouse, and can playback and query Video recording.

8. Centralized data monitoring and alarm

Achieve cross-regional centralized monitoring and management of multiple pavilions distributed on each floor, and realize the control of each floor pavilion through a tree-shaped list. The monitoring of environmental data is presented in the form of data charts or maps.

Nine. Data Statistics Reports

The monitoring system provides daily/monthly/yearly statistics and customer-customized report statistics on the monitoring volume of each site. A monitoring quantity is used for daily statistics and supports the data table export function.

The museum environment monitoring system has the functions of data collection, data statistics, over-limit alarm, and remote monitoring. Through remote monitoring, the cultural relics warehouse is used to ensure the proper and safe cultural relics. According to the actual situation, corresponding measures can be formulated to promote the development of the museum's cultural relics protection.

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