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Why does agricultural planting need an intelligent water and fertilizer integrated system?
With the deepening of ecological civilization construction, agricultural water-saving irrigation continues to accelerate. Over the past five years, 100 million mu of efficient water-saving irrigation area has been added nationwide, and the area of u200bu200befficient water-saving irrigation has exceeded 300 million mu. Say goodbye to the traditional flood irrigation and shift from 'watering the land' to 'watering the crops'. The agricultural production method changes due to water, and the effective utilization coefficient of irrigation water reaches 0.542. While ensuring national food security, the total amount of agricultural irrigation water has achieved zero growth. Water conservancy is the lifeblood of agriculture. To break through the water bottleneck of food production, the fundamental way out is to save water. The intelligent water and fertilizer integrated system is also called the water and fertilizer integrated intelligent monitoring system. The intelligent water and fertilizer integrated system can help users to realize the automatic water and fertilizer integrated management conveniently and quickly. The intelligent water and fertilizer integrated system consists of a water and fertilizer integrated machine, a moisture data collection terminal (EC and PH sensors), a filtration system, a valve controller, a solenoid valve, a field pipeline, and a monitoring software cloud platform. The water and fertilizer integrated device controller has the functions of automatic mode and manual mode setting of agricultural greenhouse system, real-time monitoring and display of data, and alarm for over-limit. Through intelligent irrigation and fertilization, the purpose of water-saving irrigation and reasonable fertilization can be achieved. The intelligent water and fertilizer integration system is divided into manual mode and automatic mode. The mode where all parameters are manually set by the grower is the manual mode: it can manually control the switches of all external devices and pumps and other equipment, and each fertilization channel can independently control the opening and closing of the equipment, the amount, the flow rate, the fertilization time, and the fertilization. Form, etc.; external relay equipment and collection equipment can be summarized, and each relay and external equipment can be independently controlled. Automatic mode means that all set water and fertilizer integrated controllers automatically set a series of parameters for fertilization and irrigation according to the fertilizer requirements of different crops. The grower cannot change the parameters independently: the equipment can automatically control the irrigation time and amount of water and fertilizer. , Fertilization form, etc.; you can set the time for interval irrigation or cyclic irrigation to control the amount of water and fertilizer; you can click to stop automatically to stop the irrigation in advance. What are the benefits of the intelligent water and fertilizer integration system? 1. Intelligent fertilization is more reasonable The integrated water and fertilizer system can control the amount of fertilizer, the flow rate fertilization time, the fertilization form, etc. through manual and automatic modes. 2. Water-saving irrigation, saving irrigation costsAccording to the survey, the utilization rate of irrigation water in traditional agricultural planting is very low, and the utilization rate of irrigation water for agricultural planting in most areas is only 30% -40%, most of the water in irrigation every year is wasted, and the intelligent water and fertilizer integration system can control the watering time and amount of water through manual and automatic modes; it can also set the time for interval irrigation or circular irrigation Therefore, the use of intelligent water and fertilizer integration system can realize water-saving irrigation and save irrigation costs. 3. Improve planting efficiency The intelligent water and fertilizer integrated system improves planting efficiency mainly in two aspects. Through automatic irrigation and fertilization, it can effectively save labor costs and improve planting efficiency. This is On the one hand; on the other hand, the intelligent water-fertilizer integrated system can analyze and sort all the data by the controller and upload the data to the cloud platform by means of GPRS/4G communication. Users can view and control remotely on the computer terminal, mobile phone APP, and WeChat official account. It can view the crop environment in real time, including soil EC, PH, total fertilizer, instantaneous flow and other specific values, and can directly control the irrigation system and fertilization system, thereby greatly improving the efficiency of planting management. 4. Improve plant quality and yieldThrough the intelligent water and fertilizer integrated system, intelligent irrigation and intelligent fertilization can be realized, which can allow crops to obtain water and nutrients in time, which effectively improves The growth environment of crops ensures the growth of crops. From this perspective, the intelligent water and fertilizer integrated system improves the growth environment of crops, which can increase the yield and quality of crops, and the yield and quality of natural growers can also increase the income of natural growers. . Water saving is prioritized and the ecology is better. The agricultural 'large water user' has turned into a 'large water saving user'. According to calculations, in the high-efficiency water-saving irrigation project area, the effective utilization coefficient of farmland irrigation water is above 0.8, which can save water by 20%-50% compared with traditional surface irrigation. Water conservation is imminent. It is not only necessary to save water, but also to use scientific, reasonable, planned, and focused water to improve water utilization and avoid waste of water resources.
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