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Farm intelligent environmental monitoring system

Farm intelligent environmental monitoring system

2022-08-26

Foreword

Since the development of the breeding industry, it has become one of the two pillar industries of agriculture alongside the planting industry. Compared with farming, farming provides humans with more nutritious and tasty food. With the continuous improvement of residents' living standards, green, ecological and healthy livestock products are more and more favored by consumers, ranging from eggs to large green or organic beef and mutton products. However, traditional breeding concepts and breeding techniques have been It is difficult to adapt to the current material needs of the people and the development requirements of the aquaculture industry.


With the adjustment of rural industrial structure and the rapid development of large-scale livestock and poultry breeding, the production mode of traditional animal husbandry has also undergone qualitative changes. Since 1991, the total output of domestic meat and eggs has been ranked first in the world for many years. It is listed as a pillar industry in many places and has become an important source of farmers' income. In recent years, the breeding methods and breeding scale of the livestock and poultry industry are facing an upgrade, from decentralized operation to large-scale breeding. At the same time, it is necessary to improve the breeding methods that were originally based on human resources, and move forward to a technology-based and technologically-based smart breeding industry. .


The development and application of Internet of Things technology has changed the production mode, organization mode and development mode of the agricultural breeding industry. Through automation, informatization and intelligent means, the standardized production and large-scale operation of agricultural breeding have been realized, and technology is used as the breeding ground. industry support. Use technology to improve the breeding environment, increase the survival rate, and improve economic benefits!

 

What is a smart breeding environment monitoring system?

It is based on the Internet of Things, Internet, mobile Internet, intelligent perception, automatic control and other technologies. The intelligent breeding and distribution system focuses on the production and management of facility livestock and poultry farms and aquaculture waters, and collects breeding environment information online through intelligent sensors. Ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, air temperature and humidity, etc., combined with breeding species and growth stages, flexibly add monitoring environmental data.


Farmers can grasp the breeding environment information in real time through information terminals such as mobile phones and computers, automatically obtain abnormal alarm information, and combine the information monitored every minute to remotely control the corresponding equipment to achieve the purpose of intelligent breeding, energy saving and consumption reduction.

 

What are the functions of the smart breeding environment monitoring system?

1. Data viewing The cloud platform displays the real-time concentration of temperature and humidity, carbon dioxide, ammonia gas concentration, hydrogen sulfide, etc. in the farm in the form of numbers, curves, and dashboards in real time;

2. The intelligent industrial control adopts industrial automation control technology. Once it is determined that the environmental parameters exceed the limit, the system will send a linkage command to the M88 module. For example, when the temperature in the house is too low, it will intelligently turn on the warming device to increase the temperature in the house, and the temperature is close to the limit. value, turn off the warming device.

3. Abnormal alarm function The over-limit alarm mode supports on-site sound and light alarm, APP alarm, alarm, mobile phone SMS alarm, mobile phone alarm, alarm and other alarm methods.

4. Personnel management function System supports personnel and authority management. 5. Analysis report function With its own data statistical analysis function, the collected data can be integrated, summarized and analyzed to form various forms of data reports.

 

What harm is there in the farms not measuring such environmental parameters?

Temperature: We all know that temperature plays a vital role in the growth of chickens. If the temperature is too low, the chickens will easily catch cold and cause diarrhea or respiratory diseases, etc.; the chickens are easy to get together in order to keep warm, affecting their feeding and activities, resulting in disability, and in severe cases, a large number of deaths. Therefore, proper temperature control is the key to the success or failure of a chicken farm.

Ammonia: Ammonia is very soluble in water. It is mainly produced by the decomposition of nitrogen-containing organic matter such as feces and feed. High concentrations can paralyze the central nervous system, causing toxic liver disease and myocardial damage. If the ammonia concentration is not measured, the livestock and poultry live in a low-concentration ammonia environment for a long time, but the resistance of the livestock and livestock decreases, and the morbidity and mortality increase.

 

Hydrogen sulfide: livestock and poultry in the environment of low concentration of hydrogen sulfide for a long time will become sensitive to light and reduce appetite. Long-term exposure to the environment of high concentration of hydrogen sulfide will cause symptoms such as vomiting, nausea and diarrhea, so monitoring the concentration of hydrogen sulfide is very important for our breeding. Important for practitioners!

Carbon dioxide: The long-term growth of livestock in an environment with high carbon dioxide concentration will cause the livestock to decline in physical fitness, easily infected with various chronic infectious diseases, and will also cause chronic hypoxia, which is not conducive to breeding.

............

 

Smart Environmental Monitoring System

The smart animal husbandry environment monitoring system of Ruiyi Card adopts the combination of modern communication technology, computer technology and network technology, which can realize the combination of online detection and remote monitoring, and provide convenient and effective monitoring and management for farmers.


The picture shows: Topological diagram of Ruiyica's animal husbandry environment monitoring system

The system can obtain all kinds of livestock growth environment parameters required by wireless transmission or wired transmission, including temperature, humidity, light, and concentration of carbon dioxide, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, etc.

 

What sensors does it mainly contain? What is the role of animal husbandry management?


RK330-01 Atmospheric temperature, humidity and pressure sensor

RK330-01 atmospheric temperature, humidity and pressure sensor is a professional sensor for measuring air temperature, relative humidity and air pressure. The sensor housing is waterproof and UV resistant. Widely used in agriculture, forestry, meteorology, greenhouse, storage and other places. The sensor can also be equipped with an 11-layer shutter box (RK95-01) to protect the sensor from solar radiation and rain.

The temperature, humidity and pressure sensor is applied to the livestock breeding scene, which can accurately measure the temperature, humidity and pressure in the house. According to the temperature, humidity and pressure requirements for the growth of animals in the house, when the temperature and humidity in the house are too high or too low, the cooling will be started in time. , dehumidification or heating and humidification to ensure a reasonable temperature and humidity in the house.

 

 

RK210-01 Illumination Sensor

RK210-01 illuminance sensor is a sensor with high sensitivity, which can detect weak light sources, wide measurement range, high precision, good waterproof performance, simple use and easy installation. Wide range of applications, especially in agricultural greenhouses, urban lighting and other occasions.

In the breeding process, farmers can control the light intensity and light time through the real-time data of the illuminance transmitter, and control the light intensity and light time. Extending the light time or increasing the light intensity can enhance the function of the adrenal cortex of animals, improve immunity, promote appetite, enhance the digestive function of livestock and poultry, and improve the weight gain rate and survival rate of livestock and poultry.

 

 

RK300-07 Ammonia sensor

RK300-07 ammonia gas sensor is a three-electrode electrochemical sensor and high-performance microprocessor, built-in temperature sensor for temperature compensation, can accurately measure the concentration of ammonia gas in the environment, the perfect combination of electrochemical sensor and transmission circuit, to meet customer needs For the measurement of ammonia concentration. The ammonia gas sensor mainly measures the ammonia gas content in the house. Taking pigs as an example, the ammonia gas content is very important for the growth of pigs. Ammonia gas is one of the harmful gases in the animal house. The level of ammonia gas concentration will directly affect the animal's health. Growth and development and the ability to resist viruses. The general ammonia gas sensor is equipped with a buzzer alarm device. When the ammonia gas concentration exceeds the standard, the buzzer will sound an alarm to remind the management personnel that the ammonia gas concentration needs to be adjusted. 

 

RK300-15 Hydrogen sulfide sensor

RK300-15 hydrogen sulfide transmitter adopts electrochemical gas detection probe and high-performance microprocessor, built-in temperature sensor for temperature compensation, can accurately measure the concentration of hydrogen sulfide in the environment, the product is widely used in air quality monitoring, greenhouse, Smart homes, schools, hospitals, warehouses, industrial production and other fields and places that need to detect the concentration of hydrogen sulfide. In breeding farms, the source of hydrogen sulfide is mainly the anaerobic degradation of sulfur-containing organic matter in fresh manure, especially when animals eat high-protein diets and the digestion and utilization rate is low, the amount of hydrogen sulfide is more. Hydrogen sulfide is a colorless, flammable gas with a special rotten egg odor, which is irritating and suffocating. It mainly stimulates the mucous membranes of livestock. When hydrogen sulfide comes into contact with the water on the mucous membranes, it dissolves quickly, and combines with the sodium ions in the mucus to form sodium sulfide, which stimulates the mucous membranes. After the hydrogen sulfide content in the air exceeds the standard, sick animals are prone to photophobia, lacrimation, cough, rhinitis, bronchitis and other symptoms. Therefore, the use of hydrogen sulfide sensors to measure the environmental hydrogen sulfide concentration in time is also very important for disease control and prevention. 

 

RK310-03 Infrared temperature detection sensor

RK310-03 infrared temperature detection sensor is a sensor that calculates the surface temperature of an object by measuring the intensity of infrared radiation emitted by the object to be measured. Non-contact temperature measurement is the biggest advantage of infrared temperature sensors, allowing users to easily measure objects that are difficult to approach or move. 

In breeding, the most intuitive way to detect diseases in livestock is temperature measurement. Using infrared temperature detection sensors, breeding managers can easily measure the body temperature of livestock without contact and record the real-time temperature of each animal every day. Scientific, fast and accurate Identify the possibility of sick animals and avoid the spread of the disease in the herd.

 

Epilogue

Scientific breeding, combining the Internet of Things technology with the breeding industry, the smart breeding distribution system allows farmers to master breeding information, perceive the breeding environment and changes in the growth of livestock at the first time, so that the growing environment has been maintained in the best state, ensuring that poultry The growth rate of livestock has opened a new era of automated breeding.


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